The Pros and Cons of Pneumatic Conveying

pneumatic conveying

The Pros and Cons of Pneumatic Conveying

Pneumatic conveying systems are a popular choice for many powder processing companies. Not only do pneumatic conveying systems effectively move bulk powder through the system, but they can also be customized to meet the unique requirements of the plant and the material characteristics.

However, pneumatic systems may not be the right choice for every application.

If you’re wondering if a pneumatic conveying system is right for your needs, below we discuss some advantages over other types of conveying systems, specifically, mechanical conveying systems, as well as some disadvantages depending on your requirements.

Pros of Pneumatic Conveying

Pneumatic conveying systems can provide a number of advantages over other conveying systems including: 

1. Lower required maintenance.

Compared to mechanical conveying systems, pneumatic conveyors have less moving parts and typically require less maintenance. 

2. Increased safety.

With fewer moving parts and less required maintenance, pneumatic conveying systems present less danger to operators and maintenance workers. 

3. Less spillage and dust leakage.

Pneumatic conveying systems transport product through an enclosed pipeline, which contains product and dust better than mechanical conveying systems. 

4. Better sanitation.

Since pneumatic conveying systems have an enclosed pipeline, the risk of product contamination is greatly reduced, and the plant remains cleaner as well.  Piping can be CIP cleaned and dried. 

5. Enhanced flexibility.

Pneumatic conveying systems can be custom designed to fit around existing powder processing equipment, not only taking up less space than mechanical conveying systems but also providing more flexibility. Multiple infeed and destinations points, as well as longer conveying distances are possible.

Cons of Pneumatic Conveying

While pneumatic conveying systems are often a great choice for many powder processing systems, they’re not the perfect solution for every plant. Disadvantages may include: 

1. Less energy efficiency.

Since pneumatic conveying systems use an air stream to move product through the system, they typically require more power to achieve the proper air pressure. 

2. Larger dust collection system is required.

Pneumatic conveying systems require larger dust collection systems because product needs to be separated from the conveying system’s air stream at the destination point(s). 

3. Some materials are difficult to convey.

Typically, pneumatic conveying systems are great for lower density bulk powders such as flour, sugar, whey, but not for materials with larger particle sizes or those that are extremely sticky. For example, materials with high fat are more difficult to convey by air and can cause buildup in the pipeline. 

4. Not ideal for combustible bulk solids.

Combustible dusts pose deflagration and other fire hazards when suspended in air and an ignition source is present. Since pneumatic conveying systems use air as the primary means of moving product, special precautions must be taken.  Read “How to Safely Convey Combustible Bulk Solids ” for more details on this topic.